Do our heritage and our history offer the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) hope for the future? This is a question that I have had to respond to several times in the last few months. But the more significant question, I believe, is what our heritage and history afford us in a time of uncertainty--a time like we are experiencing now.
Presbyterians have lived through uncertain times, time and time again. For Reformed Christians, the Reformation and the Counter Reformation posed challenges with an outcome that was unknown and certainly not guaranteed. For the Scot-...
The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has just concluded the meeting of the 220th General Assembly held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The city of Pittsburgh has hosted many General Assemblies over the years but one of the most memorable occurred in 1958.
One hundred and seventy-five years ago, the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. split into Old School and New School factions. Significant differences about theology, polity, and slavery exacerbated tensions to the point that the Old School branch expelled the New School adherents from the General Assembly in 1837. Indeed, the differences between the two groups were so evident that a Philadelphia-based newspaper announced in 1836 that:
The necessity for separation of the parties is urgent. They do not agree; they cannot agree. We can